During the Second World War, you couldn't just walk into a shop and buy as much sugar or butter or meat as you wanted, nor could you fill up your car with gasoline whenever you liked. All these things were rationed, which meant you were only allowed to buy a small amount even if you could afford more. The government introduced rationing because certain things were in short supply during the war, and rationing was the only way to make sure everyone got their fair share.
Rationing was introduced temporarily by the British government several times during the 20th century, during and immediately after a war. The UK also imported more than half of its meat, and relied on imported feed to support its domestic meat production. The civilian population of the country was about 50 million.
Food rationing started in Januaryfour months after the start of World War Two. It ran for the next 14 years and changed our eating habits for more than a generation. Throughout the war each person was allocated a scientifically devised weekly provision of specific foods.
Ask anyone who remembers life on the Home Front during World War II about their strongest memories and chances are they will tell you about rationing. You see, the war caused shortages of all sorts of things: rubber, metal, clothing, etc. But it was the shortages of various types of food that affected just about everyone on a daily basis.
Before the Second World War started Britain imported about 55 million tons of food a year from other countries. Understandably, the German government did what they could to disrupt this trade. One of the main methods used by the Germans was to get their battleships and submarines to hunt down and sink British merchant vessels.
Inspired by her fascination with the Home Front, thrifty Carolyn Ekins, decided to ditch her modern junk food diet and live off wartime classics such a mock turkey, Spam fritters and Lord Woolton pie. I had been cooking ration recipes for fun and it struck me that it might be an interesting way to get healthy and save money. A weekly adult ration during the war allowed for g of bacon and ham, up to g of minced meat, 50g of butter, 50g of cheese, g of margarine, g of cooking fat and three pints of milk.
Rationing regulations for food and clothing were gazetted on 14 May Rationing was introduced to manage shortages and control civilian consumption. It aimed to curb inflation, reduce total consumer spending, and limit impending shortages of essential goods.
Click above for great movie clip. When rationing was introduced in England on January 8, incidentally that is my birthday…the January 8 bit NOT the !! However, rationing did vary slightly month to month depending on the availability of foods increasing when it was plentiful and decreasing when it was in short supply.
In Januarythe British government introduced food rationing. The scheme was designed to ensure fair shares for all at a time of national shortage. The Ministry of Food was responsible for overseeing rationing.